adhd mindfulness

Embracing Mindfulness to Alleviate ADHD Symptoms

Mindfulness is a powerful tool for mitigating symptoms of ADHD, such as impulsivity, inattention, and restlessness. By fostering a state of focused awareness and present-moment attention, mindfulness practices can enhance concentration, emotional regulation, and stress management. Incorporating techniques like meditation, deep breathing, and mindful movement into daily routines can lead to noticeable improvements in managing ADHD. Regular practice helps in developing greater control over attention and reactions, providing a sense of calm and clarity amidst the challenges of ADHD.

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Alice Gendron

Founder of The Mini ADHD Coach

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Mindfulness for ADHD: The Ultimate Guide to Calming Your Busy Mind

Do you ever find yourself stuck in a loop of endless distractions, only to realize you've lost another battle with focus? 👀 Welcome to the wonderfully unpredictable world of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, also known as ADHD. 

From missing deadlines to trying various treatments, managing ADHD symptoms can sometimes feel like an uphill battle. But what if I told you there's a natural, scientifically-backed strategy that could help? 🤔

In this article, we'll explore the concept of mindfulness and why it can be both a challenge and a game-changer for those with ADHD. We'll also suggest some simple mindfulness exercises explicitly designed for those struggling to get into this headspace. 🧘🏽‍♀️ Before you know it, you'll discover techniques to quiet your racing thoughts and hit the 'pause' button ⏸ on your ever-spinning ADHD brain

What is Mindfulness?

Mindfulness involves being fully present in the moment without self-judgment. Imagine observing your thoughts and feelings as if they were clouds passing in the sky, neither good nor bad, just...there. ☁️

The roots of mindfulness can be traced back to ancient traditions, but it has also gained current empirical support. In fact, scientific studies and associations such as the American Psychological Association are continuously demonstrating its effectiveness for various mental and physical health issues, such as chronic pain, depression and anxiety. 👏🏻

Mindfulness is a form of meditation, but not all meditation is mindfulness. Mindfulness-informed meditation specifically aims to create awareness of the here and now. It's like upgrading your brain's operating system 🧠 to be more in tune with the present rather than running on outdated software that's too busy juggling the past and the future. 

Can People with ADHD Practice Mindfulness?

Although it might seem counterintuitive, you can practice mindfulness if you have ADHD. 👍🏼 Still, it's worth noting that our specific symptoms can make mindfulness practice a little more challenging.

People with ADHD often experience a higher level of mind wandering and trouble focusing. This could make the sustained attention needed to be in the moment seem impossible. 😢

However, research suggests that practicing mindfulness can benefit people with ADHD. Studies have demonstrated improvements in focus, emotional regulation, and executive functioning. In other words, while mindfulness may be challenging for individuals with ADHD, the benefits make the effort worthwhile. 🤩

The Benefits of Mindfulness For ADHD

The options for managing ADHD symptoms often range from medication to behavioral therapies. However, mindfulness can be another layer of support, particularly when used in addition to the more traditional treatments and lifestyle changes.

According to research, meditation aids in treating ADHD by stimulating growth in the prefrontal cortex, the brain region crucial for focus, planning, and self-control. This benefits ADHD adolescents, who may struggle with emotional dysregulation. 🤯 Furthermore, meditation helps elevate dopamine levels, a neurotransmitter often lacking in individuals with ADHD.

But how exactly does it help to improve ADHD symptoms? 🤷🏼‍♂️

Improves Focus and Attention

One of the key challenges in ADHD is maintaining focus and attention. Mindfulness training has been proven to help improve these aspects, offering a fresh approach to managing this common symptom.

Reduction in Emotion Dysregulation

Managing emotions can sometimes feel like a full-time job for people with ADHD. Mindfulness can provide tools for better understanding and controlling emotional responses.

Enhanced Executive Functioning

Executive functioning is crucial for planning, organization, and task completion. Mindfulness has been shown to help improve these essential life skills like time management and task completion.

Reduction in Impulsivity

Impulse control can be a hurdle for many with ADHD. Mindfulness encourages pausing and reflecting before making decisions, which can be helpful in daily life and relationships. 

Better Stress Management

The journey to manage ADHD symptoms can be stressful. Mindfulness practices, such as meditation and breathing exercises, offer practical ways to address this stress, reduce overwhelm, and improve overall functioning.

The research around mindfulness as a viable treatment for ADHD is still evolving. Still, current studies and future directions of research offer a positive treatment overview of its effectiveness. For example, a pilot trial of mindfulness meditation training for treating ADHD found an improvement in core symptoms and a significant reduction in emotion dysregulation.

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The Best Mindfulness Exercises for ADHD

If you're wondering how to begin practicing mindfulness, especially if you have ADHD, this section is for you. We'll cover various exercises tailored to manage ADHD symptoms. Whether you're new to mindfulness or seeking new methods, this section provides a few quick activities you can try when you find yourself struggling with overwhelming ADHD symptoms. Remember, it's worth trying as many approaches as possible, as some may suit you more than others, and everybody is different. ❤️

The Body Scan

The body scan is a foundational mindfulness exercise that helps ground you in the present moment by focusing your attention on various parts of your body. 

Here's a quick guide to get you started. ⬇️

Step 1: Get Comfortable and Breathe 

Find a comfortable position, whether sitting or lying down. Take a few deep breaths to help set the mood for your body scan. You can have your eyes closed or open, whichever is more comfortable for you - but closing your eyes may help avoid visual distractions.

Step 2: Start from the Bottom 

Begin with your toes and slowly move your focus upward. Feel the sensations in each body part as you go—whether it's tingling, warmth, or discomfort.

Step 3: Observe Without Judgement 

If you come across tension or discomfort, simply notice it. There's no need to change anything; the aim is just to be aware.

Step 4: Wrap it Up 

When you've reached your head, try to view your body as a whole. Finish with a few deep breaths, and wiggle your toes and hands to reacquaint yourself with your surroundings. 

The key here is not to rush. Even if your mind wanders (and if you have ADHD, it probably will), that's okay. The practice involves recognizing that and returning your focus to your body.

Mindful Breathing

Breathing exercises are the cornerstone of mindful meditation. For individuals with ADHD, taking a moment to concentrate solely on their breath can help improve focus, reduce stress, and manage meltdowns.

Here's a straightforward guide to practicing mindful breathing. 👇🏽

Step 1: Find Your Space 

Choose a quiet space where you can sit or stand comfortably. If you're in a public place, that's okay too - just find a spot where you can stand still for a few moments. 

Step 2: Focus on Your Breath 

Turn your attention to your breathing. Feel the air moving in and out of your nostrils or the rise and fall of your chest or abdomen. Choose one focal point and stick with it.

Step 3: Count Your Breaths 

To help maintain focus, you can count your breaths. Inhale on a count of 4, hold for 4, exhale for 4, and hold the breath out for 4. This creates a rhythmic breathing pattern that can aid concentration and tell your nervous system you're safe.

Step 4: Don't Judge Your Wandering Mind

If you find your mind drifting to other thoughts, gently guide it back to your breath without judgment. The essence of mindful breathing lies in the returning, not the resisting. 

Step 5: Return To Reality

After a few minutes or when you feel ready, gradually bring your attention back to your surroundings. Take note of how your body feels and carry that heightened awareness with you.

Whether during a commute, before an important meeting, or as part of your morning routine, mindful breathing is a versatile technique that can be easily integrated into your daily life. 👌🏽

Mindfulness Meditation Training

Sometimes, the ADHD brain needs extra help to stay on track. Guided meditations - or mindfulness meditation training - offers structured prompts to maintain focus and are an excellent entry point for those new to mindfulness. Search YouTube or Spotify for a few free meditations tailored for people with ADHD.

Mindful Eating

Mindfulness isn't just for the yoga mat; it can be practiced during everyday activities like eating. Paying attention to the textures, flavors, and even the colors of your food can turn a mundane task into a mindfulness exercise.

Focused Task Practice

Try dedicating complete focus to a single task. Whether washing dishes or writing an email, immersing yourself fully in one activity can help sharpen your attention skills and avoid missing important details.

Mindful Parenting 

Parenting is challenging enough, and ADHD adds another layer of complexity. 👶🏾 Mindful parenting techniques, such as active listening and present engagement, can benefit you and your children. For example, in a recent systematic review, the researchers found that regular mindfulness meditation and mindful awareness has been shown to reduce parental stress, increase self compassion and self acceptance. 👨‍❤️‍👨

While no one-size-fits-all mindfulness prescription exists and there isn't a specific type of meditation for ADHD, these exercises can be tailored to fit individual needs and lifestyles. What's important is to find what resonates with you and make it a regular part of your routine. ✅

Tips for Making Mindfulness a Habit

Many of us with ADHD struggle to form regular habits, which means we can face challenges keeping up with everyday routines, even if they benefit us. With this in mind, how do you make mindfulness a lasting part of your daily routine, especially when dealing with ADHD?

Here's a few pointers. 👇🏽

Start Small

Try not to dive into a 30-minute meditation session right off the bat. Begin with a few minutes daily, and slowly increase the duration as you get more comfortable. Shorter, consistent practices are often more beneficial than rare, lengthy ones.

Use Tools and Apps

Let's face it: sticking to a new habit can be a chore. However, mindfulness apps or setting reminders on your phone to practice can help you remember. Some apps even offer guided meditations tailored for ADHD.

Create Structure

The more consistent you are, the more likely you'll stick with it. Try incorporating mindfulness exercises into existing routines, like doing a quick body scan before bed or breathing while waiting for your morning coffee to brew. ☕️

Create a Mindful Environment

Whether it's a corner of your room dedicated to mindfulness or a specific playlist that helps you focus, establishing a conducive environment can make a difference.

Seek Support

Sharing your mindfulness journey with a friend or family member can give you the motivation you need. If you're up for it, consider joining a mindfulness group or participating in existing mindfulness programs designed explicitly for ADHD.

Celebrate Small Wins

ADHD often makes task completion a significant challenge, leading to feelings of frustration or inadequacy. When you successfully integrate mindfulness into your day, give yourself some credit! Small victories often lead to significant improvements over time.

Be Kind to Yourself

Lastly, remember that mindfulness is a practice, not a destination. If you skip a day or find focusing challenging, that's okay. The goal is not perfection but practice.


So, we've reached the end of exploring mindfulness for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, better known as ADHD. What have we learned? 

First, incorporating mindfulness into your daily life isn't just a trend; it has real, empirical support for improving ADHD symptoms. Research suggests that mindfulness meditation training can be valuable to existing treatment methods for adults with ADHD. Whether it's brief mindfulness meditation training or a more sustained approach, such as mindfulness-based cognitive therapy, the potential for relieving ADHD symptoms is significant.

When we talk about deficit hyperactivity disorder ADHD, it often comes with core symptoms like trouble focusing, impulse control, and emotional dysregulation. Mindfulness training can help you manage these behavioral and cognitive impacts. Techniques like meditation or even simple at-home practice can go a long way in paying attention to the present moment and improving your overall mental health.

Let's face it - adult ADHD can be an uphill battle. It's easy to feel overwhelmed between stimulant medication and various other treatments. Yet, mindfulness offers a way to harness mindful awareness and executive functioning, which are often affected by ADHD.

Mindfulness isn't just a one-off; it's a skill to be honed. You have many options, from mindfulness-based stress reduction to more specialized mindfulness-based interventions. And let's remember mindful parenting; if you're a parent with ADHD who has tried or received mindfulness training, you'll find that the practice enriches your life and family dynamics, too.

Either way, the journey to incorporate mindfulness into your life and to understand its impact on ADHD is a lifelong one. Whether you're looking to improve sustained attention or simply want a moment of respite from the constant mind wandering that ADHD often brings, mindfulness offers a place in which to find stillness - no matter how brief it might be. 😉

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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Can people with ADHD do mindfulness?

Absolutely, yes! While attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) poses unique challenges, mindfulness training offers an avenue for developing sustained attention and improving core symptoms. Studies even offer empirical support, validating mindfulness meditation as a feasible treatment option alongside stimulant medication.

Why is meditation hard with ADHD?

You're not alone if you find meditation harder with ADHD. This is often because ADHD involves frequent mind wandering, which conflicts with the very essence of mindfulness - being present. However, remember that the goal of meditation practice isn't to eliminate thoughts but to become aware of them. Over time, mindfulness meditation training can actually help tame the wandering mind.

What is the best mindfulness exercise for ADHD?

There's no one-size-fits-all approach, but brief mindfulness meditation is a great start, especially for adults with ADHD. These exercises focus on mindful awareness of your breathing, sensations, or daily activities. The idea is to practice mindfulness in short bursts to make it more digestible.

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